ISSN 1119-4618
 

Original Research 
JPAS. 2022; 22(2): 170-191


Sedimentological analyses of the conglomerating sandstone and sandstone members of the Lokoja Formation, Bida Basin,Nigeria: Implications for paleoenvironment.

Sanni Z. J., Toyin A., Ayinla H. A., Ayok J..

Abstract
Sedimentological analyses of sandstones and conglomeratic facies within the Lokoja Formation belonging to the southern part of the Bida Basin around Lokoja and environs were carried out with the aim of deducing their depositional environment. Based on field observations and analysis of 33 representative samples, there is no any occurrence of shale within the Lokoja Formation as earlier reported in the area. Results of glanulometric analysis and parameters as well as bivariate plots shows that the conglomerates are dominantly paraconglomerates and are essentially polymictic in narure. Thus, this is an indication that a fluvial sedimentation was responsible for the accumulation of sandstones of the Lokoja Formation. In support of this, evidence depicting characteristic bladed fabric was observed in one hundred and fifty (150) samples subjected to pebble morphometric analysis. This to a large extent also suggest a fluvial (river) depositional environment for the conglomeratic facies. Scatter plots of roundness versus elongation ratio delineate angular to sub-rounded pebbles and such grain shape delineation and the low roundness values for the pebbles (average, 0.55) are indication of fluvial environment of deposition and short transportation history. However, some pebbles indicate marine influence as some of the morphometric data plot within littoral environment.

Key words: Lokoja Formation, conglomeratic and sandstones facies, granulometric and morphometric analyses, fluvial environment


 
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Pubmed Style

J. SZ, A. T, A. AH, J. A. Sedimentological analyses of the conglomerating sandstone and sandstone members of the Lokoja Formation, Bida Basin,Nigeria: Implications for paleoenvironment.. JPAS. 2022; 22(2): 170-191.


Web Style

J. SZ, A. T, A. AH, J. A. Sedimentological analyses of the conglomerating sandstone and sandstone members of the Lokoja Formation, Bida Basin,Nigeria: Implications for paleoenvironment.. https://www.atbuscienceforum.com/?mno=92490 [Access: November 12, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

J. SZ, A. T, A. AH, J. A. Sedimentological analyses of the conglomerating sandstone and sandstone members of the Lokoja Formation, Bida Basin,Nigeria: Implications for paleoenvironment.. JPAS. 2022; 22(2): 170-191.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

J. SZ, A. T, A. AH, J. A. Sedimentological analyses of the conglomerating sandstone and sandstone members of the Lokoja Formation, Bida Basin,Nigeria: Implications for paleoenvironment.. JPAS. (2022), [cited November 12, 2022]; 22(2): 170-191.



Harvard Style

J., S. Z., A., . T., A., . A. H. & J., . A. (2022) Sedimentological analyses of the conglomerating sandstone and sandstone members of the Lokoja Formation, Bida Basin,Nigeria: Implications for paleoenvironment.. JPAS, 22 (2), 170-191.



Turabian Style

J., Sanni Z., Toyin A., Ayinla H. A., and Ayok J.. 2022. Sedimentological analyses of the conglomerating sandstone and sandstone members of the Lokoja Formation, Bida Basin,Nigeria: Implications for paleoenvironment.. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 22 (2), 170-191.



Chicago Style

J., Sanni Z., Toyin A., Ayinla H. A., and Ayok J.. "Sedimentological analyses of the conglomerating sandstone and sandstone members of the Lokoja Formation, Bida Basin,Nigeria: Implications for paleoenvironment.." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 22 (2022), 170-191.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

J., Sanni Z., Toyin A., Ayinla H. A., and Ayok J.. "Sedimentological analyses of the conglomerating sandstone and sandstone members of the Lokoja Formation, Bida Basin,Nigeria: Implications for paleoenvironment.." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 22.2 (2022), 170-191. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

J., S. Z., A., . T., A., . A. H. & J., . A. (2022) Sedimentological analyses of the conglomerating sandstone and sandstone members of the Lokoja Formation, Bida Basin,Nigeria: Implications for paleoenvironment.. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 22 (2), 170-191.