ISSN 1119-4618
 

Original Article 
JPAS. 2022; 22(4): 699-705


The nexus between energy consumption, foreign direct investment inflows and environmental pollution in Nigeria

Ibrahim Shehu Muazzam, Ibrahim Kabiru Maji, Salisu Ibrahim Waziri.

Abstract
The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between energy consumption and foreign direct investment inflows on environmental pollution in Nigeria over the period of 1980-2018. Consequently, DOLS and FMOLS approaches were employed as the estimation strategy. The main findings show that energy consumption and manufacturing growth have a significant positive relationship with environmental pollution. This suggests that increasing energy consumption and manufacturing growth will increase environmental pollution. However, FDI inflow has a significant negative relationship with environmental pollution. This implies that increasing FDI inflows will reduce environmental pollution in Nigeria. The implication of these findings is that the use of energy to boost manufacturing growth is at the expense of environmental pollution. Therefore, efficiency is required in the energy mix of Nigeria to reduce the impact of energy consumption on the environment. Equally, government should pay attention to clean FDI inflows to further reduce environmental pollution in the country.

Key words: Energy Consumption; Foreign Direct Investment; Environmental Pollution; Nigeria


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Muazzam IS, Maji IK, Waziri SI, . The nexus between energy consumption, foreign direct investment inflows and environmental pollution in Nigeria. JPAS. 2022; 22(4): 699-705.


Web Style

Muazzam IS, Maji IK, Waziri SI, . The nexus between energy consumption, foreign direct investment inflows and environmental pollution in Nigeria. https://www.atbuscienceforum.com/?mno=41686 [Access: January 16, 2023].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Muazzam IS, Maji IK, Waziri SI, . The nexus between energy consumption, foreign direct investment inflows and environmental pollution in Nigeria. JPAS. 2022; 22(4): 699-705.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Muazzam IS, Maji IK, Waziri SI, . The nexus between energy consumption, foreign direct investment inflows and environmental pollution in Nigeria. JPAS. (2022), [cited January 16, 2023]; 22(4): 699-705.



Harvard Style

Muazzam, I. S., Maji, I. K., Waziri, S. I. & (2022) The nexus between energy consumption, foreign direct investment inflows and environmental pollution in Nigeria. JPAS, 22 (4), 699-705.



Turabian Style

Muazzam, Ibrahim Shehu, Ibrahim Kabiru Maji, Salisu Ibrahim Waziri, and . 2022. The nexus between energy consumption, foreign direct investment inflows and environmental pollution in Nigeria. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 22 (4), 699-705.



Chicago Style

Muazzam, Ibrahim Shehu, Ibrahim Kabiru Maji, Salisu Ibrahim Waziri, and . "The nexus between energy consumption, foreign direct investment inflows and environmental pollution in Nigeria." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 22 (2022), 699-705.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Muazzam, Ibrahim Shehu, Ibrahim Kabiru Maji, Salisu Ibrahim Waziri, and . "The nexus between energy consumption, foreign direct investment inflows and environmental pollution in Nigeria." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 22.4 (2022), 699-705. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Muazzam, I. S., Maji, I. K., Waziri, S. I. & (2022) The nexus between energy consumption, foreign direct investment inflows and environmental pollution in Nigeria. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 22 (4), 699-705.