ISSN 1119-4618
 

Original Research 
JPAS. 2022; 22(2): 272-291


Phycoremediation of Crude oil contaminated Water: Current Microbial Remediation protocol and effect on the Ecosystem: A Review.

Ezugwu Basil Utazi, Bala J D, Abioye Q P.

Abstract
Owning to the extensive use of petroleum hydrocarbons in the modern-day world, petrochemical derivatives have become one of the major environmental pollutants with ensuing environmental devastation. The pollution of the aquatic environments by hydrocarbon via numerous anthropogenic and natural sources has become even more worrisome. The detrimental effects of this pollution on the aquatic micro and macro organisms, including fishes, birds and mammals have been thoroughly documented. The associated health impacts of crude oil pollution on humans and the environment has resulted in current microbial remediation protocol to alleviate the effect on the ecosystem. The physicochemical protocols of cleaning the aquatic environments of hydrocarbon pollutants have been found deficient because of the high cost and the need of high-tech equipment and expertise. The ability of diverse microorganisms to degrade hydrocarbon pollutants as sources of carbon has been well studied for over three decades. These studies have focused mostly on bacteria. The bacterial-based crude oil remediation protocol is an effective means of remediating crude oil polluted environments. It is environmentally friendly and cost effective. It is even more effective when in collaboration with different species of bacteria (consortium) or when in association with plants (rhizodegradation). However, bacterial-based metabolism of organic pollutants like the crude oil comes with severe reduction in dissolved oxygen, giving rise to longer time for microbial adaptation to the pollutants and the actual degradation, thus, raising questions on the application of bacterial-based remediation protocols. Studies on the hydrocarbon metabolism by algae are already available with some details on the oxygenic metabolic pathways. The present review therefore highlighted the potentials/advantages of algae in crude oil remediation. Beside, algal direct involvement in the breakdown of hydrocarbon pollutants, algae provide the enabling environment like the copious supply of oxygen for the indigenous aerobic microbes equally involved in the remediation.

Key words: Crude oil Pollution; Aquatic Environments; Remediation; Microbial-based remediation; Phycoremediation


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Ezugwu Basil Utazi
Articles by Bala J D
Articles by Abioye Q P
on Google
on Google Scholar

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Utazi EB, D BJ, P AQ, . Phycoremediation of Crude oil contaminated Water: Current Microbial Remediation protocol and effect on the Ecosystem: A Review.. JPAS. 2022; 22(2): 272-291.


Web Style

Utazi EB, D BJ, P AQ, . Phycoremediation of Crude oil contaminated Water: Current Microbial Remediation protocol and effect on the Ecosystem: A Review.. https://www.atbuscienceforum.com/?mno=139923 [Access: November 12, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Utazi EB, D BJ, P AQ, . Phycoremediation of Crude oil contaminated Water: Current Microbial Remediation protocol and effect on the Ecosystem: A Review.. JPAS. 2022; 22(2): 272-291.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Utazi EB, D BJ, P AQ, . Phycoremediation of Crude oil contaminated Water: Current Microbial Remediation protocol and effect on the Ecosystem: A Review.. JPAS. (2022), [cited November 12, 2022]; 22(2): 272-291.



Harvard Style

Utazi, E. B., D, B. J., P, A. Q. & (2022) Phycoremediation of Crude oil contaminated Water: Current Microbial Remediation protocol and effect on the Ecosystem: A Review.. JPAS, 22 (2), 272-291.



Turabian Style

Utazi, Ezugwu Basil, Bala J D, Abioye Q P, and . 2022. Phycoremediation of Crude oil contaminated Water: Current Microbial Remediation protocol and effect on the Ecosystem: A Review.. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 22 (2), 272-291.



Chicago Style

Utazi, Ezugwu Basil, Bala J D, Abioye Q P, and . "Phycoremediation of Crude oil contaminated Water: Current Microbial Remediation protocol and effect on the Ecosystem: A Review.." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 22 (2022), 272-291.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Utazi, Ezugwu Basil, Bala J D, Abioye Q P, and . "Phycoremediation of Crude oil contaminated Water: Current Microbial Remediation protocol and effect on the Ecosystem: A Review.." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 22.2 (2022), 272-291. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Utazi, E. B., D, B. J., P, A. Q. & (2022) Phycoremediation of Crude oil contaminated Water: Current Microbial Remediation protocol and effect on the Ecosystem: A Review.. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 22 (2), 272-291.