ISSN 1119-4618
 

Original Research 
JPAS. 2022; 22(2): 467-481


Terrestrial influence on the Late Cretaceous Tethyan-Atlantic Epeiric Sea in the Yola Basin, Northern Benue Trough, Nigeria

Yunis Boga Valdon.

Abstract
Abstract
A multi proxy investigation was carried out on three outcrop sections from the Upper Cretaceous Numanha Formation extended in the Yola Basin of the Northern Benue Trough, Nigeria. The Numanha Formation is a predominantly shale sequence that preserves the Turonian¬–Coniacian depositional history of the Atlantic and shallow southern Tethyan seaway. The investigation included palynofacies characterization of the sedimentary organic matter content of 61 samples collected from three sections, NL10, NL8 and NL4, in addition to analyses for the total organic carbon (TOC) and carbon-to-nitrogen (C/N) ratios in 44 samples from all of the three studied sections. Palynofacies data confirms an overall marginal marine (estuarine) depositional setting for the Numanha Formation which was strongly impacted by terrestrial and freshwater sources. This is based on the following observations: 1) near constant presence of marine dinoflagellate cysts and/or benthic planispiral microforaminiferal inner linings, 2) strong terrestrial contribution of transported vascular plant fragments such as opaque, structured, and degraded phytoclasts with fluxes of cuticles at certain intervals, 3) near constant presence of the freshwater alga Pediastrum which was also recorded in high proportions at certain intervals. TOC content for the majority of the analyzed samples was generally low (<1%) indicating poor organic matter preservation potential which was probably due to high energy and well oxygenated conditions. C/N ratios were mostly below 20 for the analyzed samples from all sections confirming the inferred marine depositional settings. There were however, two exceptionally high C/N anomalies that were seen in all of the three studied sections, but were especially pronounced in the NL4 section, which were also coupled with elevated TOC content. These are herein interpreted as to represent periods of increased terrestrial input, probably as a result of high continental runoff, associated with selective diagenetic consumption of nitrogen by microbial degradation.

Key words: Terrestrial, Numanha, Phytoclast, Pediastrum, Palynoffacies


 
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Pubmed Style

Yunis Boga Valdon. Terrestrial influence on the Late Cretaceous Tethyan-Atlantic Epeiric Sea in the Yola Basin, Northern Benue Trough, Nigeria. JPAS. 2022; 22(2): 467-481.


Web Style

Yunis Boga Valdon. Terrestrial influence on the Late Cretaceous Tethyan-Atlantic Epeiric Sea in the Yola Basin, Northern Benue Trough, Nigeria. https://www.atbuscienceforum.com/?mno=128885 [Access: January 16, 2023].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yunis Boga Valdon. Terrestrial influence on the Late Cretaceous Tethyan-Atlantic Epeiric Sea in the Yola Basin, Northern Benue Trough, Nigeria. JPAS. 2022; 22(2): 467-481.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yunis Boga Valdon. Terrestrial influence on the Late Cretaceous Tethyan-Atlantic Epeiric Sea in the Yola Basin, Northern Benue Trough, Nigeria. JPAS. (2022), [cited January 16, 2023]; 22(2): 467-481.



Harvard Style

Yunis Boga Valdon (2022) Terrestrial influence on the Late Cretaceous Tethyan-Atlantic Epeiric Sea in the Yola Basin, Northern Benue Trough, Nigeria. JPAS, 22 (2), 467-481.



Turabian Style

Yunis Boga Valdon. 2022. Terrestrial influence on the Late Cretaceous Tethyan-Atlantic Epeiric Sea in the Yola Basin, Northern Benue Trough, Nigeria. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 22 (2), 467-481.



Chicago Style

Yunis Boga Valdon. "Terrestrial influence on the Late Cretaceous Tethyan-Atlantic Epeiric Sea in the Yola Basin, Northern Benue Trough, Nigeria." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 22 (2022), 467-481.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yunis Boga Valdon. "Terrestrial influence on the Late Cretaceous Tethyan-Atlantic Epeiric Sea in the Yola Basin, Northern Benue Trough, Nigeria." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 22.2 (2022), 467-481. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yunis Boga Valdon (2022) Terrestrial influence on the Late Cretaceous Tethyan-Atlantic Epeiric Sea in the Yola Basin, Northern Benue Trough, Nigeria. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 22 (2), 467-481.