ISSN 1119-4618
 

Original Research 


COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ARIMA AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELS IN FORCASTING FOOD PRICES

Yahaya Jamil Sule, Aliyu Umar Shelleng, Mohammed Isa Bammami, Ismail Aliyu.

Abstract
Prices of food items are known to be a good indicator of food security and knowledge of their future value cannot be overemphasized. Box-Jenkins ARIMA model is a frequently used approach in forecasting time series. However, recent researches suggest that Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model can be a good alternative to the conventional use of ARIMA model. This study seeks to examine and compare the forecast efficiency of ARIMA and ANN models for data on food prices in Nigeria. The best ARIMA and ANN models was selected for each of the prices of the different food items out of all the suggested models. Results obtained revealed that ANN models had the minimum Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE) when compared with ARIMA for all of the food items, hence the conclusion that ANN models produce more efficient forecasts than the Box-Jenkins ARIMA model for predicting food prices in Nigeria. The study also recommended more investment in local agricultural production and enlightenment of the public on the importance of diet diversification to dampen the price effect on the Nigerian populace.

Key words: Food Security, Forecasting, Auto-Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA), Artificial Neural Network (ANN)


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sule YJ, Shelleng AU, Bammami MI, Aliyu I, . COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ARIMA AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELS IN FORCASTING FOOD PRICES. doi:10.5455/sf.88132


Web Style

Sule YJ, Shelleng AU, Bammami MI, Aliyu I, . COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ARIMA AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELS IN FORCASTING FOOD PRICES. http://www.atbuscienceforum.com/?mno=88132 [Access: May 12, 2021]. doi:10.5455/sf.88132


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sule YJ, Shelleng AU, Bammami MI, Aliyu I, . COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ARIMA AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELS IN FORCASTING FOOD PRICES. doi:10.5455/sf.88132



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sule YJ, Shelleng AU, Bammami MI, Aliyu I, . COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ARIMA AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELS IN FORCASTING FOOD PRICES. doi:10.5455/sf.88132



Harvard Style

Sule, Y. J., Shelleng, A. U., Bammami, M. I., Aliyu, I. & (2021) COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ARIMA AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELS IN FORCASTING FOOD PRICES. doi:10.5455/sf.88132



Turabian Style

Sule, Yahaya Jamil, Aliyu Umar Shelleng, Mohammed Isa Bammami, Ismail Aliyu, and . 2021. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ARIMA AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELS IN FORCASTING FOOD PRICES. doi:10.5455/sf.88132



Chicago Style

Sule, Yahaya Jamil, Aliyu Umar Shelleng, Mohammed Isa Bammami, Ismail Aliyu, and . "COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ARIMA AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELS IN FORCASTING FOOD PRICES." doi:10.5455/sf.88132



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sule, Yahaya Jamil, Aliyu Umar Shelleng, Mohammed Isa Bammami, Ismail Aliyu, and . "COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ARIMA AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELS IN FORCASTING FOOD PRICES." doi:10.5455/sf.88132



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sule, Y. J., Shelleng, A. U., Bammami, M. I., Aliyu, I. & (2021) COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ARIMA AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELS IN FORCASTING FOOD PRICES. doi:10.5455/sf.88132