ISSN 1119-4618
 

Original Research 


Sympatric species of African acacias provide forage to honeybees throughout the year in the Sudan savanna

Usman H Dukku, Gayaunan Danailu, Suwaiba Hussaini.

Abstract
The survey was conducted from January to December, 2016 and 2017 respectively, in Bauchi state, Nigeria. In the first year, weekly visits were made to determine the beginning and end of the flowering of each species; while in the second year visits were made at irregular intervals to confirm the observations made in the previous year. The relative importance of the species, as forage for honeybees, was subjectively assessed through the frequency and intensity of visit by foragers. The species was rated “very important” if foragers were abundant on it throughout the dehiscent phase of the flowers. On the other hand, if a substantial number of foragers foraged continuously on the species, this species was ranked “important” and a species on which foraging was sporadic and by a relatively smaller number of foragers was adjudged “less important.” Period of bloom ranged from six weeks in Vachellia sieberiana to 19 weeks in V. hockii. Senegalia senegal, V. seyal, and S. ataxacantha were ranked very important; V. nilotica, V. hockii and Faidherbia albida important; and V. sieberiana and V. polyacantha less important. It was observed that the complete overlap of the flowering periods of the various species provided forage to honeybees, and other foragers, throughout the year.

Key words: Forage, Acacia, honeybees, bloom, Senegalia, Vachellia, Faidherbia


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Usman H Dukku
Articles by Gayaunan Danailu
Articles by Suwaiba Hussaini
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dukku UH, Danailu G, Hussaini S, . Sympatric species of African acacias provide forage to honeybees throughout the year in the Sudan savanna. JPAS. 2020; 20(3): 255-259. doi:10.5455/sf.76599


Web Style

Dukku UH, Danailu G, Hussaini S, . Sympatric species of African acacias provide forage to honeybees throughout the year in the Sudan savanna. http://www.atbuscienceforum.com/?mno=76599 [Access: August 10, 2020]. doi:10.5455/sf.76599


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dukku UH, Danailu G, Hussaini S, . Sympatric species of African acacias provide forage to honeybees throughout the year in the Sudan savanna. JPAS. 2020; 20(3): 255-259. doi:10.5455/sf.76599



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dukku UH, Danailu G, Hussaini S, . Sympatric species of African acacias provide forage to honeybees throughout the year in the Sudan savanna. JPAS. (2020), [cited August 10, 2020]; 20(3): 255-259. doi:10.5455/sf.76599



Harvard Style

Dukku, U. H., Danailu, G., Hussaini, S. & (2020) Sympatric species of African acacias provide forage to honeybees throughout the year in the Sudan savanna. JPAS, 20 (3), 255-259. doi:10.5455/sf.76599



Turabian Style

Dukku, Usman H, Gayaunan Danailu, Suwaiba Hussaini, and . 2020. Sympatric species of African acacias provide forage to honeybees throughout the year in the Sudan savanna. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 20 (3), 255-259. doi:10.5455/sf.76599



Chicago Style

Dukku, Usman H, Gayaunan Danailu, Suwaiba Hussaini, and . "Sympatric species of African acacias provide forage to honeybees throughout the year in the Sudan savanna." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 20 (2020), 255-259. doi:10.5455/sf.76599



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dukku, Usman H, Gayaunan Danailu, Suwaiba Hussaini, and . "Sympatric species of African acacias provide forage to honeybees throughout the year in the Sudan savanna." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 20.3 (2020), 255-259. Print. doi:10.5455/sf.76599



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dukku, U. H., Danailu, G., Hussaini, S. & (2020) Sympatric species of African acacias provide forage to honeybees throughout the year in the Sudan savanna. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 20 (3), 255-259. doi:10.5455/sf.76599