ISSN 1119-4618
 

Original Article 


Quantitative and qualitative phytochemical analyses and antimicrobial analysis of the leaves extracts of cissampelos owariensis

Apolmi Gambo, Istifanus Yarkasuwa Chindo, Harami Malgwi Adamu.

Abstract
The leaves of Cissampelos owariensis were investigated for both qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analyses, antimicrobial activity and minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) using the following organisms: Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Klebsiella pneumonia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The pulverized leaves were extracted using hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol solvents sequentially by using sohxlet extractor. Tannins, phenols and alkaloids were estimated and it was found that tannins were the most abundant (2472.80 mg/kg). Acetone extract had the highest phenols (749.60 mg/kg) and alkaloids (316.60 mg/kg) and methanol extract had the highest tannins (2472.80 mg/kg). Hexane was not active on the test organisms, chloroform extract was not active on Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and acetone, ethyl acetate and methanol were active on all the test organisms. The highest zone of inhibition was obtained by the acetone and ethyl acetate extract (20 mm) with Escherichia coli and also 20 mm by acetone with Salmonella typhi. Methanol extract gave the least MIC of 51 mg/cm3 with Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi. Cissampelos owariensis has many medicinal uses as claimed ethno-pharmacologically and it is confirmed from the antimicrobial results obtained. However the effect of this plant on more pathogenic organisms, toxicological investigations and further purifications, needs to be carried out

Key words: Cissampelos owariensis, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Klebsiella pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, ethno-pharmacology.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Apolmi Gambo
Articles by Istifanus Yarkasuwa Chindo
Articles by Harami Malgwi Adamu
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Gambo A, Chindo IY, Adamu HM, . Quantitative and qualitative phytochemical analyses and antimicrobial analysis of the leaves extracts of cissampelos owariensis. JPAS. 2021; 21(2): 388-395. doi:10.5455/sf.65101


Web Style

Gambo A, Chindo IY, Adamu HM, . Quantitative and qualitative phytochemical analyses and antimicrobial analysis of the leaves extracts of cissampelos owariensis. http://www.atbuscienceforum.com/?mno=65101 [Access: August 12, 2021]. doi:10.5455/sf.65101


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Gambo A, Chindo IY, Adamu HM, . Quantitative and qualitative phytochemical analyses and antimicrobial analysis of the leaves extracts of cissampelos owariensis. JPAS. 2021; 21(2): 388-395. doi:10.5455/sf.65101



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gambo A, Chindo IY, Adamu HM, . Quantitative and qualitative phytochemical analyses and antimicrobial analysis of the leaves extracts of cissampelos owariensis. JPAS. (2021), [cited August 12, 2021]; 21(2): 388-395. doi:10.5455/sf.65101



Harvard Style

Gambo, A., Chindo, I. Y., Adamu, H. M. & (2021) Quantitative and qualitative phytochemical analyses and antimicrobial analysis of the leaves extracts of cissampelos owariensis. JPAS, 21 (2), 388-395. doi:10.5455/sf.65101



Turabian Style

Gambo, Apolmi, Istifanus Yarkasuwa Chindo, Harami Malgwi Adamu, and . 2021. Quantitative and qualitative phytochemical analyses and antimicrobial analysis of the leaves extracts of cissampelos owariensis. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 21 (2), 388-395. doi:10.5455/sf.65101



Chicago Style

Gambo, Apolmi, Istifanus Yarkasuwa Chindo, Harami Malgwi Adamu, and . "Quantitative and qualitative phytochemical analyses and antimicrobial analysis of the leaves extracts of cissampelos owariensis." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 21 (2021), 388-395. doi:10.5455/sf.65101



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Gambo, Apolmi, Istifanus Yarkasuwa Chindo, Harami Malgwi Adamu, and . "Quantitative and qualitative phytochemical analyses and antimicrobial analysis of the leaves extracts of cissampelos owariensis." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 21.2 (2021), 388-395. Print. doi:10.5455/sf.65101



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gambo, A., Chindo, I. Y., Adamu, H. M. & (2021) Quantitative and qualitative phytochemical analyses and antimicrobial analysis of the leaves extracts of cissampelos owariensis. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 21 (2), 388-395. doi:10.5455/sf.65101