ISSN 1119-4618
 

Original Research 


Influence of double chemical treatments on properties of luffa fibre reinforced waste low density polyethylene (wLDPE) composite

Yusuf Adamu , Mohammed Tijjani Isa, Jaju Abubakar Mohammad, Tajudeen K Bello.

Abstract
The effect of double treatments of Luffa fibre on properties of Luffa/waste low density polyethylene composite was investigated. The properties focused were physical, mechanical and morphological while sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and stearic acid (CH3(CH2)16COOH) were used for the treatment. The fibre was treated with 8 wt% NaOH and further treated with stearic acid at concentration of 0.5-2.5 wt% at interval of 0.5 wt%. Two roll-mills were used to compound the fibre and the wLDPE at 150oCwhile the composite compressed to 13.9 MPa. The fabricated composite was characterized based on mechanical (tensile, impact and flexural strengths), physical (density and water absorption) and morphological properties. The double treatment (8 wt% NaOH/0.5 wt% stearic acid) recorded increase in tensile, impact and flexural strengths of 65.1%, 76.6% and 13.3% respectively over the single treatment fibre reinforced composite. The physical properties were also improved but the morphological properties revealed more cracks and voids with chemical treatment concentration. Therefore, even though treatments may improve compatibility of fibre and matrix as well as improve overall mechanical properties, it should be carried out in a way to have minimum damage of fibre form and structure.

Key words: Mechanical Properties, Luffa, Waste Polyethylene, Sodium hydroxide, Stearic acid


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

YA, Isa MT, Mohammad JA, Bello TK, . Influence of double chemical treatments on properties of luffa fibre reinforced waste low density polyethylene (wLDPE) composite. JPAS. 2019; 17(1): 84-90. doi:10.5455/sf.38589


Web Style

YA, Isa MT, Mohammad JA, Bello TK, . Influence of double chemical treatments on properties of luffa fibre reinforced waste low density polyethylene (wLDPE) composite. http://www.atbuscienceforum.com/?mno=38589 [Access: June 16, 2019]. doi:10.5455/sf.38589


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

YA, Isa MT, Mohammad JA, Bello TK, . Influence of double chemical treatments on properties of luffa fibre reinforced waste low density polyethylene (wLDPE) composite. JPAS. 2019; 17(1): 84-90. doi:10.5455/sf.38589



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

YA, Isa MT, Mohammad JA, Bello TK, . Influence of double chemical treatments on properties of luffa fibre reinforced waste low density polyethylene (wLDPE) composite. JPAS. (2019), [cited June 16, 2019]; 17(1): 84-90. doi:10.5455/sf.38589



Harvard Style

, Y. A., Isa, . M. T., Mohammad, . J. A., Bello, . T. K. & (2019) Influence of double chemical treatments on properties of luffa fibre reinforced waste low density polyethylene (wLDPE) composite. JPAS, 17 (1), 84-90. doi:10.5455/sf.38589



Turabian Style

, Yusuf Adamu, Mohammed Tijjani Isa, Jaju Abubakar Mohammad, Tajudeen K Bello, and . 2019. Influence of double chemical treatments on properties of luffa fibre reinforced waste low density polyethylene (wLDPE) composite. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 17 (1), 84-90. doi:10.5455/sf.38589



Chicago Style

, Yusuf Adamu, Mohammed Tijjani Isa, Jaju Abubakar Mohammad, Tajudeen K Bello, and . "Influence of double chemical treatments on properties of luffa fibre reinforced waste low density polyethylene (wLDPE) composite." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 17 (2019), 84-90. doi:10.5455/sf.38589



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Yusuf Adamu, Mohammed Tijjani Isa, Jaju Abubakar Mohammad, Tajudeen K Bello, and . "Influence of double chemical treatments on properties of luffa fibre reinforced waste low density polyethylene (wLDPE) composite." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 17.1 (2019), 84-90. Print. doi:10.5455/sf.38589



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, Y. A., Isa, . M. T., Mohammad, . J. A., Bello, . T. K. & (2019) Influence of double chemical treatments on properties of luffa fibre reinforced waste low density polyethylene (wLDPE) composite. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 17 (1), 84-90. doi:10.5455/sf.38589