ISSN 1119-4618
 

Original Research 


Anticoccidial efficacy of Azadirachta indica leaf powder against Eimeria tenella infection in broiler chickens

Ahmed Isah Ahmed, Maryam Musa Sulaiman, William Aliyu Istifanus, Sam Mao Panda, Markus Chongmobmi, Ahmed Abdulkadir Gamawa.

Abstract
Abstract
Research was conducted to evaluate the in-vivo anticoccidial activity of crude leaf powder of Azadirachta indica against Eimeria tenella, the cause of caecal coccidiosis that inflicts heavy economic loss to poultry industry all over the world. A total of 120 broiler chicks were infected via the oropharyngeal route with viable sporulated oocysts of the parasite and allotted to four groups designated 1 to 4 and each group replicated 3 times with 10 birds per replicate in a completely randomized design. Groups 1 and 2 were fed diet containing 100g and 50g leaf powder of the evaluated material per Kg of feed respectively. Group 3 was treated with 0.3g (preventive dose) of AmproliumR per liter of drinking water while group 4 was left without treatment. The test substance given especially at the rate of 100g demonstrated efficacy in decreasing oocysts shedding, minimizing diarrhea, alleviating caecal damage and lowering morbidity caused the parasite but less than the conventional drug. However, its effect in reducing blood loss and mortality was almost similar that of the standard drug (P≤0.05). Although the test material had slight negative effect on feed consumption and weight gain but it can still be used for prophylactic control of coccidioisis especially when there is resistance to conventional anticoccidial drugs or where they are not available or affordable.

Key words: In-vivo, anticoccidial activity, crude leaf powder, Azadirachta indica


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ahmed AI, Sulaiman MM, Istifanus WA, Panda SM, Chongmobmi M, Gamawa AA, . Anticoccidial efficacy of Azadirachta indica leaf powder against Eimeria tenella infection in broiler chickens. JPAS. 2019; 16(1): 82-88. doi:10.5455/sf.22258


Web Style

Ahmed AI, Sulaiman MM, Istifanus WA, Panda SM, Chongmobmi M, Gamawa AA, . Anticoccidial efficacy of Azadirachta indica leaf powder against Eimeria tenella infection in broiler chickens. http://www.atbuscienceforum.com/?mno=22258 [Access: July 18, 2019]. doi:10.5455/sf.22258


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahmed AI, Sulaiman MM, Istifanus WA, Panda SM, Chongmobmi M, Gamawa AA, . Anticoccidial efficacy of Azadirachta indica leaf powder against Eimeria tenella infection in broiler chickens. JPAS. 2019; 16(1): 82-88. doi:10.5455/sf.22258



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahmed AI, Sulaiman MM, Istifanus WA, Panda SM, Chongmobmi M, Gamawa AA, . Anticoccidial efficacy of Azadirachta indica leaf powder against Eimeria tenella infection in broiler chickens. JPAS. (2019), [cited July 18, 2019]; 16(1): 82-88. doi:10.5455/sf.22258



Harvard Style

Ahmed, A. I., Sulaiman, M. M., Istifanus, W. A., Panda, S. M., Chongmobmi, M. ., Gamawa, A. A. & (2019) Anticoccidial efficacy of Azadirachta indica leaf powder against Eimeria tenella infection in broiler chickens. JPAS, 16 (1), 82-88. doi:10.5455/sf.22258



Turabian Style

Ahmed, Ahmed Isah, Maryam Musa Sulaiman, William Aliyu Istifanus, Sam Mao Panda, Markus Chongmobmi, Ahmed Abdulkadir Gamawa, and . 2019. Anticoccidial efficacy of Azadirachta indica leaf powder against Eimeria tenella infection in broiler chickens. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 16 (1), 82-88. doi:10.5455/sf.22258



Chicago Style

Ahmed, Ahmed Isah, Maryam Musa Sulaiman, William Aliyu Istifanus, Sam Mao Panda, Markus Chongmobmi, Ahmed Abdulkadir Gamawa, and . "Anticoccidial efficacy of Azadirachta indica leaf powder against Eimeria tenella infection in broiler chickens." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 16 (2019), 82-88. doi:10.5455/sf.22258



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahmed, Ahmed Isah, Maryam Musa Sulaiman, William Aliyu Istifanus, Sam Mao Panda, Markus Chongmobmi, Ahmed Abdulkadir Gamawa, and . "Anticoccidial efficacy of Azadirachta indica leaf powder against Eimeria tenella infection in broiler chickens." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 16.1 (2019), 82-88. Print. doi:10.5455/sf.22258



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahmed, A. I., Sulaiman, M. M., Istifanus, W. A., Panda, S. M., Chongmobmi, M. ., Gamawa, A. A. & (2019) Anticoccidial efficacy of Azadirachta indica leaf powder against Eimeria tenella infection in broiler chickens. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 16 (1), 82-88. doi:10.5455/sf.22258