ISSN 1119-4618
 

Original Research 


Geochemistry and Geotechnical Characterization of some Clay Deposits within Bima Sandstone from Girei and Environs Yola sub-basin, Upper Benue Trough, Northeastern Nigeria

Yunis Boga Valdon, Boniface Finthan, Stephen John Kwaga.

Abstract
This paper presents the geochemistry and geotechnical properties of some clays deposited within sandstones of the Bima Formation in Girei and environs. The aim is to understand their economic potentials for national development. The study area falls within latitudes N to N and Longitudes ’E to E with aerial extent of about 60k Field work was carried out systematically in the study area whereby clay samples within the Bima Sandstone were collected for the purpose of laboratory analysis. The X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and geotechnical analysis carried out on the samples showed the average concentration of silica to be (69.55%) while iron oxide (4.5%) and low water absorption, low plasticity index respectively. The concentration of the oxides suggests that the clays from the study area are unsuitable for refractory fired clays and production of high grade ceramic materials, however, they can be used for burnt bricks and traditional ceramics production.

Key words: Clay, Geochemistry, Geotechnical, ceramics and Bima Sandstone


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Valdon YB, Finthan B, Kwaga SJ. Geochemistry and Geotechnical Characterization of some Clay Deposits within Bima Sandstone from Girei and Environs Yola sub-basin, Upper Benue Trough, Northeastern Nigeria. JPAS. 2021; 21(3): 606-612. doi:10.5455/sf.140804


Web Style

Valdon YB, Finthan B, Kwaga SJ. Geochemistry and Geotechnical Characterization of some Clay Deposits within Bima Sandstone from Girei and Environs Yola sub-basin, Upper Benue Trough, Northeastern Nigeria. https://www.atbuscienceforum.com/?mno=140804 [Access: May 14, 2022]. doi:10.5455/sf.140804


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Valdon YB, Finthan B, Kwaga SJ. Geochemistry and Geotechnical Characterization of some Clay Deposits within Bima Sandstone from Girei and Environs Yola sub-basin, Upper Benue Trough, Northeastern Nigeria. JPAS. 2021; 21(3): 606-612. doi:10.5455/sf.140804



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Valdon YB, Finthan B, Kwaga SJ. Geochemistry and Geotechnical Characterization of some Clay Deposits within Bima Sandstone from Girei and Environs Yola sub-basin, Upper Benue Trough, Northeastern Nigeria. JPAS. (2021), [cited May 14, 2022]; 21(3): 606-612. doi:10.5455/sf.140804



Harvard Style

Valdon, Y. B., Finthan, . B. & Kwaga, . S. J. (2021) Geochemistry and Geotechnical Characterization of some Clay Deposits within Bima Sandstone from Girei and Environs Yola sub-basin, Upper Benue Trough, Northeastern Nigeria. JPAS, 21 (3), 606-612. doi:10.5455/sf.140804



Turabian Style

Valdon, Yunis Boga, Boniface Finthan, and Stephen John Kwaga. 2021. Geochemistry and Geotechnical Characterization of some Clay Deposits within Bima Sandstone from Girei and Environs Yola sub-basin, Upper Benue Trough, Northeastern Nigeria. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 21 (3), 606-612. doi:10.5455/sf.140804



Chicago Style

Valdon, Yunis Boga, Boniface Finthan, and Stephen John Kwaga. "Geochemistry and Geotechnical Characterization of some Clay Deposits within Bima Sandstone from Girei and Environs Yola sub-basin, Upper Benue Trough, Northeastern Nigeria." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 21 (2021), 606-612. doi:10.5455/sf.140804



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Valdon, Yunis Boga, Boniface Finthan, and Stephen John Kwaga. "Geochemistry and Geotechnical Characterization of some Clay Deposits within Bima Sandstone from Girei and Environs Yola sub-basin, Upper Benue Trough, Northeastern Nigeria." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 21.3 (2021), 606-612. Print. doi:10.5455/sf.140804



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Valdon, Y. B., Finthan, . B. & Kwaga, . S. J. (2021) Geochemistry and Geotechnical Characterization of some Clay Deposits within Bima Sandstone from Girei and Environs Yola sub-basin, Upper Benue Trough, Northeastern Nigeria. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 21 (3), 606-612. doi:10.5455/sf.140804