ISSN 1119-4618
 

Original Research 


Patterns of schistosome transmission in Kiri dam area, north eastern Nigeria

Kaleson Meshack Sanu, William Aliyu Istifanus, Maryam Musa Suleiman, Panda Sam Mao.

Abstract
ABSTRACT
Kiri is an endemic area for schistosomiasis infection with little information available on transmission patterns. This is very crucial in designing an effective strategy for control. Therefore, a longitudinal study on the transmission patterns of freshwater snails was undertaken in five water contact sites selected after a preliminary study. Three schistosome intermediate host snails namely Bulinus globosus, Bulinus truncatus and Biomphalaria pfeifferi all of which had natural infections were encountered. Similar pattern of density fluctuation was observed among infected Bulinus globosus and Biomphalaria pfeifferi in all sites studied. Population density generally increased during the early part of the dry season and peak densities were recorded during the dry season (February to April). This was followed by a decline during the rainy season, due to high water tide and velocity as well as less human activities. Transmission was observed to be all through the year with intense transmission between February to April. Although, a similar fluctuation pattern was observed between sites, the density of infected snails varied significantly (p<0.05). No definite pattern was observed in Bulinus truncatus populations and fluctuations in population was very mild over the study period. Findings in this study will be valuable in planning and implementing a schistosomiasis control programme in Kiri Dam area.

Key words: Keywords: Freshwater snails, Transmission patterns, Kiri dam.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sanu KM, WAI, Suleiman MM, Mao PS. Patterns of schistosome transmission in Kiri dam area, north eastern Nigeria. JPAS. 2021; 21(1): 224-229. doi:10.5455/sf.102663


Web Style

Sanu KM, WAI, Suleiman MM, Mao PS. Patterns of schistosome transmission in Kiri dam area, north eastern Nigeria. http://www.atbuscienceforum.com/?mno=102663 [Access: May 26, 2021]. doi:10.5455/sf.102663


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sanu KM, WAI, Suleiman MM, Mao PS. Patterns of schistosome transmission in Kiri dam area, north eastern Nigeria. JPAS. 2021; 21(1): 224-229. doi:10.5455/sf.102663



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sanu KM, WAI, Suleiman MM, Mao PS. Patterns of schistosome transmission in Kiri dam area, north eastern Nigeria. JPAS. (2021), [cited May 26, 2021]; 21(1): 224-229. doi:10.5455/sf.102663



Harvard Style

Sanu, K. M., , . W. A. I., Suleiman, . M. M. & Mao, . P. S. (2021) Patterns of schistosome transmission in Kiri dam area, north eastern Nigeria. JPAS, 21 (1), 224-229. doi:10.5455/sf.102663



Turabian Style

Sanu, Kaleson Meshack, William Aliyu Istifanus, Maryam Musa Suleiman, and Panda Sam Mao. 2021. Patterns of schistosome transmission in Kiri dam area, north eastern Nigeria. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 21 (1), 224-229. doi:10.5455/sf.102663



Chicago Style

Sanu, Kaleson Meshack, William Aliyu Istifanus, Maryam Musa Suleiman, and Panda Sam Mao. "Patterns of schistosome transmission in Kiri dam area, north eastern Nigeria." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 21 (2021), 224-229. doi:10.5455/sf.102663



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sanu, Kaleson Meshack, William Aliyu Istifanus, Maryam Musa Suleiman, and Panda Sam Mao. "Patterns of schistosome transmission in Kiri dam area, north eastern Nigeria." Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences) 21.1 (2021), 224-229. Print. doi:10.5455/sf.102663



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sanu, K. M., , . W. A. I., Suleiman, . M. M. & Mao, . P. S. (2021) Patterns of schistosome transmission in Kiri dam area, north eastern Nigeria. Science Forum (Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences), 21 (1), 224-229. doi:10.5455/sf.102663